Rafi Khans family says they have not been informed of his deportation, and that they have been denied the opportunity to speak to him in person.
Rafi Khan, whose father was a former British soldier, was deported to India in January 2018.
His wife and son were left in India when the country tightened its border controls, leaving the family in fear.
In an interview with Al Jazeera, Rafi’s mother Raghav Kumar said she was not notified of his removal until she was told by an Indian immigration official that the family was no longer eligible to stay in India.
“We don’t know if they will be allowed to see him anymore.
I think it is very difficult for them to understand,” Kumar said.”
He was born here.
Why would they take him away?”
The family is currently being held in the Kannada city of Thiruvananthapuram.
The family, which has lived in the area for the past 20 years, has been unable to get through to the authorities and they have no idea when their application will be heard.
“I am very scared, I am so scared that the whole country is going to see us deported and not our family,” Rafi said.
Raghav said she had received the news of Rafi s deportation on the phone, and was told she had been deported because of her husband’s “criminal activity”.
“It is not our fault.
We are not criminals,” she said.
In a statement to Al Jazeera India, an Indian Immigration Department spokesperson said: “We are not in a position to confirm or deny the information you have communicated to us.”
“We are committed to providing all possible assistance to all persons in our country who are seeking legal protection,” the spokesperson said.
The spokesperson said it was the responsibility of all relevant authorities to inform the applicant and the family when their asylum application has been processed.
The case has received international attention as a case of human trafficking and was the subject of a report by the UN High Commissioner for Refugees, the UN Human Rights Committee, and Human Rights Watch.
A spokesperson for the UN Refugee Agency in New Delhi said: “[We] have been in touch with the Rafi family since their deportation, who have confirmed that they are still in India.”
“The UNHCR welcomes the Indian authorities efforts to expedite their asylum case.”
India has also stepped up its efforts to deport asylum seekers, with a spokesperson for a state-run immigration authority saying they had been able to contact Rafi and his family in the last three days.
“It was a very long and complicated process to obtain their asylum status, but we are very glad that we managed to do so, which is why we are happy that Rafi is still in our custody,” the state official told the Thomson Reuters Foundation.
Rafiq Khan was born in Pakistan in 1977.
He is the youngest of four children, all of whom are currently in school.
He has two younger sisters and two younger brothers.
The Rafi families home in Thiruvanthapurtam was raided by police on Thursday.
Rafi was taken away from his mother and wife by the police after a brief chase.
Police said the family’s asylum application was rejected because Rafi had a criminal record and was a “high risk”.